Brazil, Indonesia and DRC hold talks on forming ‘Rainforest OPEC’ Brazil

Brazil, Indonesia and DRC hold talks on forming ‘Rainforest OPEC’ Brazil

Brazil, Indonesia and DRC hold talks on forming ‘Rainforest OPEC’ Brazil

The three major tropical rainforest countries are Brazil, Indonesia, etc Democratic Republic of the Congo – are in talks to create a strategic alliance to coordinate their conservation, dubbed “OPEC for rainforests”, the Guardian understands.

It The choice of Luis Inacio Lula da SilvaKnown as Lula, followed by a flurry to avoid the destruction of the Amazon, which scientists warned. close dangerously a tipping point after years of deforestation under its far-right leader Jair Bolsonaro.

In his first speech as president-elect, Lula pledged to fight for zero deforestation in the Amazon, while: Colombia proposed creating an Amazon block In Cop27 and Norway’s environment minister is moving restore a billion-dollar fund to protect rainforests after it was suspended under Bolsonaro.

Brazil, Indonesia and the DRC are home to 52% of the world’s remaining primary tropical forests, which are crucial to avoiding climate catastrophe, and conservation negotiations are underway. Lula’s campaign promise.

Last year, Brazil lost 1.55 million hectares of forest, which is three times more than the second largest, the DRC.

The alliance could see tropical forests jointly propose carbon markets and finance, a long-standing sticking point at UN climate and biodiversity talks, as a way to encourage developed countries to finance efforts to conserve them, which is crucial to combating global warming. 1.5 to limit. C (2.7F) above pre-industrial levels.

Three countries, whose forests are threatened by commercial logging, mining and illegal logging in the Amazon, Congo Basin and Borneo and Sumatra, signed an agreement at Cop26 in Glasgow to end and delay deforestation by 2030.

Oscar Soria, campaign director for the activist website Avaaz, said the alliance could be an “OPEC for the rainforest,” similar to a cartel of oil producers that coordinates production levels and prices for fossil fuels. Before being elected, Lula said any alliance would expand to other rainforest countries such as Peru and Cambodia.

“This deal can be a promising step forward as long as indigenous peoples and local communities are fully consulted in the process and their rights and leadership are respected,” Soria said.

“These three ecosystems are critical to the ecological sustainability of the world, and the answer to the prosperity of these forests lies with the people who live in them.”

Carlos Nobre, a Brazilian Earth system scientist and co-chairman of the Scientific Group on the Amazon (SPA), said Lula’s selection was an opportunity for rainforest conservation.

Brazil, Indonesia and DRC hold talks on forming ‘Rainforest OPEC’ Brazil
Mbuti boy in Ituri Forest, DRC. The IPCC emphasized that efforts to conserve tropical forests will only succeed by protecting the rights of indigenous peoples. Photo: Hugh Kinsella Cunningham/EPA

“The newly elected president is already working with the DRC and Indonesia protect all the tropical forests of the planet. He also reaffirmed his government’s commitment to achieve zero deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon during his presidency,” he said, explaining that the SPA would propose a “recovery arc” covering more than 1 million hectares (about 4,000 square miles). , mainly in the southern Amazon near the Andes.

“Implementation of such a project will protect Amazon rainforest from reaching the tipping point and will also remove more than 1 billion tons of CO2: A few decades from the atmosphere, a mandatory goal to combat the climate emergency,” he said.

Joseph Itongwa Mukumo, a native of Walikale in the DRC’s North Kivu state, said any alliance must recognize The role of indigenous communities in forest protection.

He said. “IPCC [UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] scientists tasked with advising police negotiators have spelled out in a recent report the urgent need to recognize indigenous peoples’ rights and support ecosystem adaptation, calling us “fundamental to reducing climate change risks and adapting effectively (very high: confidence)”.

“Proposals to conserve tropical forests that do not protect the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities in forests. AfricaLatin America and Indonesia cannot succeed.”

Three major initiatives to protect the world’s forests were launched at Cop26 in Glasgow last year. a commitment by more than 140 world leaders to stop and reverse deforestationEstablishing a Working Group on Producers and Consumers of Deforestation-Related Products, and the obligation of producers of basic goods soy, palm oil, cocoa and cattle to align their business practices with the 1.5C target.

However, despite the arrangement, the data Global Forest Watch shows that BrazilThe DRC and Indonesia were in the top five for primary forest loss in 2021, having lost a total of 11.1 million hectares of tree cover in the tropics last year.

Find more here the age of extinctionand follow biodiversity journalists Phoebe Weston and: Patrick Greenfield on Twitter for all the latest news and features

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