CPanel web hosting backup and restore
CPanel offers an easy-to-use, intuitive interface for all webmaster activities. The backup/restore utility is no exception.
Here’s a quick guide for beginners who want to familiarize themselves with the backup and restore process in CPanel.
Step 1: Login to CPanel.
Step 2: Scroll down the CPanel page until you reach the Files section. Here the top left icon should say “Archive”. Click on it.
Step 3: You are now on the backup/restore screen. This is where you will perform all of your data backup and recovery functions.
Option 1: Your server usually chooses the frequency with which it backs up data. This can be as frequent as a daily backup or as infrequent as a monthly backup. You can download them to your computer as often as you like.
Option 2: Manual backup, full. If you want to backup your entire site, click the button that says “Generate or download a full backup.”
The backup file can be saved to different locations
1. Home directory
2. Remote FTP server
3. Remote FTP server (transfer in passive mode)
4. Secure copy (scp)
Click on “backup destination” and select the option that is applicable to you.
Saving the backup to your computer only requires you to specify the folder where you will store the backup. Passive Mode Transfer and Secure Copy are fallback modes that require some technical acumen, but you don’t need to master them initially.
If you want to save to a remote FTP server, then you will need to enter a few details –
1. Email address to which the full report of the backup process will be sent
2. The address of the remote FTP server
3. The name of the remote user
4. The remote password
There are two more columns for “Port” and “Remote Directory”, but these can be left blank.
After filling the four required columns, click on “generate backup”. You can check if the backup is generated from your FTP server address.
Note that full backups cannot be used as part of the “restore” process. They can only be stored on your computer or used to move your account to another server.
Option 3: Manual backup, partial. You can also backup certain parts of your site through CPanel.
The backup/restore page contains buttons that will backup
1. Your home directory online
2. MySQL database
3. Specific filters or subdomains
Each of these buttons will have a corresponding “restore” button next to it.
To perform any of these functions, first click the appropriate button. Then choose where to save the backup file.
To restore, simply click the “restore” button, click the backup file, and click “Ok”. The process is complete.
Note that the backup file is saved in a.tar.gz format, which is natively supported by Linux but not by Windows. However, installing the free 7zip tool will allow you to access the .tar.gz archive. Even if you don’t have access to it, you can use it during the backup recovery process.
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