How to arrange motifs in creating pleasing designs

How to arrange motifs in creating pleasing designs

A motif is a basic or primary design in a composition. When the motif appears with other designs in the composition, it dominates both in size and number over the other designs. The motifs are larger in size and more numerous than the other drawings in the composition. Motifs, images or elements can be repeated and organized into several pleasing patterns in a composition. Patterns, images or elements can be repeated according to the following formats.

i Full fall format
ii. Half drop design
iii. Simplified format
iv. Everything repeats
v. Positive and negative repetition
i. Mirror design

Full Repeat: In this arrangement pattern, the full size of the motif or basic design appears in all parts of the composition. The motifs run horizontally or vertically across the entire substrate or material. The full view of the motives must be seen.

Half Drop Repeat: In this design, the motifs or main designs are dropped halfway from the first arrangement so that there are halves at both ends of the cloth or paper, so that when the sides of the paper or cloth are rolled up, they will result in full designs.

Simple repeat: In this style of arrangement, motifs are repeated in the material in a simple pattern. Sometimes they are placed haphazardly in the composition without a preconceived plan. The focus of the simple pattern of repetition is that motifs should be repeated throughout the composition.

Overall Repeat: The overall repeat pattern has the main designs or motifs that appear or run through all parts of the material.
Positive and Negative Repeat: This repeat pattern is achieved by alternating the positive and negative areas of the picture area. The positive or image area is rotated in place with the background, which is usually composed of textures, to form the repeating pattern. Also called counter-change design.

Mirror repeat: In this repeat pattern, the main design or motif is repeated in a mirrored manner. This is achieved by placing and alternating the right and left sides of the main motifs or designs side by side.

The different iterations can be adopted and used by artists, especially textile designers and graphic artists who usually work with printmaking. However, a skilled printer must strive very hard to create other repetitive formats himself to meet the specifications of his work. These motif arrangements can be derived from existing and already accepted formats used by many printers around the world.

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