The UN agency notes that the past 8 years have been the hottest in history

The UN agency notes that the past 8 years have been the hottest in history

The COP27 climate summit kicked off on Sunday with another one say report about the state of the planet. As world leaders gathered in Egypt for a conference, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said the past eight years had been the hottest on record.

Between 2013 and 2022, global average temperatures are estimated to be 1.14 degrees Celsius above 1850-1900 levels, according to the UN agency’s 2022 Interim Report on the State of the Global Climate.

According to the agency, “warming continues,” accompanied by accelerating sea levels, record melting of glaciers in Europe and extreme weather.

“We just had the 8 hottest years on record,” UN agency said. “In 2022, the global average temperature is about 1.15 °C above pre-industrial levels.”

Officials have warned for years that to prevent the worst impacts of climate change, the world needs to keep global average temperatures below 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial times. Now WMO Secretary-General Petri Taalas is warning that this seems unlikely.

“The bigger the warming, the worse the effects,” he said. “We now have such high levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that the lower 1.5ºC of the Paris Agreement is barely achievable.”

Related video: The UN says the world is going in the “wrong direction” on climate change

The development echoes a series of reports the United Nations released less than two weeks ago that found countries are failing to create and implement sufficient plans to combat the climate crisis. Reports have shown that based on current actions, plans and emissions, the Earth is almost on track to be hit. 3 degrees Celsius warming in less than 80 years.

The latest WMO report said the record heat comes as “the telltale signs and impacts of climate change become more acute”.

Its temporary State of the global climate in 2022The WMO has found that greenhouse gases have reached record levels. The rate of sea level rise has doubled since 1993 and has increased by almost 10 millimeters since January 2020, reaching a record high in 2022. Ocean heat is also set to hit record highs in 2021.

“The last two and a half years alone account for 10 percent of the total sea-level rise since satellite measurements began about 30 years ago,” the WMO said.

Glaciers played a big role in it. In Europe, the glaciers of the European Alps are believed to have had a “record melt” since January alone. It Greenland ice sheetwhich is coupled with the Antarctic stores near two thirds The planet’s fresh water lost some of its mass for the 26th year in a row and the first rain fell in September, the report said.

“For many glaciers, it is already too late and melting will continue for hundreds if not thousands of years, affecting water security,” Taalas said. “The rate of sea level rise has doubled in the last 30 years. Although we still measure this in millimeters per year, it is half a meter per century, and it is a long-term and serious threat to millions of people. of the coast dwellers and low-lying states’.

The WMO said UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is expected to present at COP27 a plan for a global early warning system, which the agency says half the countries do not have. It Early Warnings for all! The initiative will seek $3.1 billion in investments over the next five years to help “disaster risk knowledge, observations and predictions, preparedness and response, and early warnings.”

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