Types of software testing

Types of software testing

Software testing helps in checking the reliability and accuracy of the developed software program. There are two broad categories of software testing. They are manual testing and automation.

The manual includes the software without the use of software or written scripts. The different stages in the guide include module, system, integration, etc. Automated is for using the script to test the developed software. Automation is widely used to test the application in an external environment.

also classified as functional and non-functional. The feature helps to ensure that it meets all the specifications of the developed software. Dysfunctional is related to software performance issues like load, stress, etc.

Black Box Testing:
The meaning of Black is something that is dark or hidden. It is about testing the applications without having any knowledge of the internals. In this testing, the tester provides input data and observes the output without having any idea how the data is processed. The main advantage of this testing is that you don’t need to share the code. Designing the test scenario is difficult. However, there is another benefit to this testing that the testing can be done even by semi-skilled testers.
White box testing:
In white box testing, the tester is familiar with the internal structure of the software. He should do a detailed study of the code structure. The tester works on the internal code of the program and tries to find that the code is not behaving properly. It helps in finding the appropriate date for the test code. The tester finds the appropriate data after going through the logic. It requires qualified testers with relevant knowledge. The testing team should maintain specialized tools like code analyzers, debuggers.
Gray box testing
Gray box testing is the process of testing an application with limited knowledge of the inner workings of the developed software. The difference between a black box and a gray box is that the tester has access to documents and a database of the tested applications. This helps in choosing the right data stream. This type of test is done from the user’s perspective. The test depends on the functional specifications.

After the software is developed, it is distributed to several customers so that they are aware of any bugs or problems that the software may encounter while running in a real-time environment. It is cost effective and improves product quality. That is why it is also called external user acceptance is done by the actual users of the software working in a real environment. It does not require highly skilled testers and laboratory simulation.

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