What is the heel made of and what is its purpose?
The heel is an important part of the foot that allows a person to stand, balance, walk, run and jump. The unmistakable shape of the current makes it easy to find. You may know what heel is and all foot problems like bone spurs and calluses.
The heel, like the other components of the foot, is intricately connected by a complex network of tendons, nerves, veins, joints and bones. The most recognizable part of the bone is the calcaneus, which is also called the tuber calcanei. This large bone protects the heel from the inside, provides structure to the foot, and helps absorb pressure on the foot when walking, running, and jumping.
On either side of the tuber calcanei bone there are two muscles called the abductor hallucis and the abductor digit minimi. These muscles allow a person to bend the big toe and little toe. The starting point of the Achilles tendon is also attached to the heel. The Achilles tendon contains a group of muscles including the tricepts surae and gastrocnemius. The triceps surah allows you to extend the foot down. Another, long, thin muscle called the plantaris minor. The Achilles tendon connects the foot to the calf muscle through the ankle.
The function of the heel was briefly mentioned earlier, but a more detailed description of the function of the heel will now be discussed. The size, shape and location of the heel shape the area in the center of the foot called the arch. A proper arch shape allows the force and pressure of the foot to strike the ground to be evenly distributed across the foot so that no part of the foot is damaged or worn from excessive impact. The heel also helps stabilize the foot on uneven terrain.
The lower part of the legs takes a lot of beating and is used for a day. Therefore, the ability to evenly distribute weight, pressure and impact, as well as ensuring stability is very important. Without the incredible use of the heel of the foot to provide these abilities, using the feet would be difficult and potentially painful.
Distribution of power
The forces exerted on the feet are distributed in five ways: three along the medial part of the foot (on the side of the big toe) and two along the lateral side (on the side of the little toe). The medial distribution of force passes through the scaphoid and sphenoid bone to the ankle bone. The lateral distribution passes through the cuboid and patella.
The combination of the ankle and heel bones working to absorb pressure, the heel becomes the rear fulcrum that bears the weight of impact and pressure. The balls of the big and little toes are the front fulcrum that takes the other half of most of the pressure of the kick.
Below the heel, a 2 cm thick layer of subcutaneous connective tissue equipped with built-in pressure chambers allows the heel to act as a shock absorber for the foot as well as a stabilizer for the foot.
The heel, like the rest of the foot, is very complex and functions as a shock absorber and stabilizer for the foot, as well as providing protection and structure for the foot.
Foot injuries that affect the heel, including plantar fasciitis it can easily disrupt a person’s life and ability to perform daily tasks such as walking. A podiatrist can help diagnose and properly treat severe, acute, and chronic foot problems.