What you need to know in every decade of your life
This article is for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Consult a qualified medical professional before engaging in any physical activity or making any changes in diet, medication or lifestyle.
While women face many of the same health problems as in men, it’s true that your gender can play a key role in health and aging. Women may be at greater risk of developing certain conditions. Some common health problems can also affect women differently than men.
Knowing the most common women’s health concerns—and how those concerns change over the years—can empower you to make the best diet and lifestyle choices for your future. Here are some of the biggest health issues for women, broken down by decade.
Top health concerns for women in their 20s
Melanoma is a dangerous skin cancer that can appear at any age, and the risk increases as we age. However, it is one of the most common cancers for young adults, especially women. Sun damage in your 20s can increase your risk of developing melanoma later in life.
You can start protecting yourself early by avoiding excessive sun exposure or wearing sunscreen. Experts also recommend checking the skin for any unusual spots and visiting a dermatologist regularly for check-ups.
Suicide is a serious problem for young people in their 20s. In Canada, suicide counts 25 percent of all deaths between the ages of 15 and 24. While young men are more likely to die by suicide, women are two to three times more likely to try.
Young adults in their 20s are particularly vulnerable to mental health problems. More than 13 percent Canadians in their 20s reported that their mental health was moderate to poor.
Smoking and drinking
While youth smoking rates have decreased, they are still there leading cause of premature death in Canada. Between 2009 and 2016, deaths from alcohol abuse increased by 10.5 percent annually among people aged 25 to 34.
Smoking and drinking habits formed in your 20s can affect you later in life. Quitting smoking before the age of 30 can reduce the risk of dying from lung cancer by more than 90 percent. Excessive alcohol consumption in your 20s can also affect the development of problems such as Cancer and liver disease.
Top health concerns for women in their 30s
Problems related to pregnancy
In your 30s, your fertility may decline, which makes it harder to get pregnant. Women over 35 are also on a higher risk of pregnancy-related health problems and abortion. A few of the biggest ones common problems in pregnancy include:
As we age, metabolism naturally slows down. Women in their 30s may experience weight gain or difficulty losing weight. Although not necessarily a sign of a health problem, excessive weight gain can contribute to problems such as: heart disease, diabetes and infertility problems.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
Between 1998 and 2015, the number of sexually transmitted diseases in Canada increased from 39,372 to 116,499 annual cases. Experts say that women are on higher risk of STIs such as chlamydia, syphilis and gonorrhea.
If left untreated, STIs can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy. They are women less likely than men to have symptomstherefore, it is important to get tested regularly for sexually transmitted diseases, especially if you have unprotected sex.
Top health concerns for women in their 40s
Women in their 40s may be at greater risk of osteoporosis, a disease that weakens bones. Eye 80 percent of people women living with osteoporosis.
Menopause is something that almost all women go through, usually after the age of 40. Although menopause is not necessarily a medical condition, the way it changes your body is associated with other health problems.
After menopause, the ovaries produce less estrogen. Lower estrogen levels can lead to a higher risk of other health conditions. For example, a lack of estrogen can cause cholesterol to build up, leading to an increased risk of heart disease. It can also affect the risk of developing osteoporosis, lead poisoning and urinary incontinence.
Breast and ovarian cancer
Women in their 40s are also at higher risk of certain types of cancer, including breast and ovarian cancer.
Screening measures for ovarian cancer include transvaginal pelvic ultrasound, blood tests and CT scan. For breast cancer, national Canadian guidelines recommend mammography starting at age 50although women may choose to start earlier as a preventive measure. Risks of radiation exposure from the mammogram it is lowbut some women can experience psychological distress from false positive findings.
Top health concerns for women in their 50s
WITH 88 percent of colon cancer cases develops in people aged 50 and over, it is important to start screening for colon cancer in the 50s. This will help you catch it early and increase your chances of effective treatment.
almost half of women over 50 years old experience stress incontinence, also known as urinary incontinence. However, women under the age of 65 are less likely to talk to a doctor treatment options for stress incontinence. This condition causes urine to leak when you laugh, cough, sneeze or exercise.
Anxiety and depression
Mental health problems can affect people of all ages. For some individuals, anxiety and depression may appear later in life. In a 2020 study 9 percent of Canadians in their 50s they said their mental health was good or bad. This is an increase of almost 3 percent compared to 2015.
Top health concerns for women in their 60s
High blood pressure
As we age, our blood vessels become less flexible, putting pressure on the arteries that carry blood throughout the body. This is why so many people develop high blood pressure as they age. Approximately 70 percent are women in their 60s and 70s they have this condition.
As women age, plaque buildup in the arteries can lead to heart disease. Women are typical diagnosed with heart disease later in life but men. They are also less likely to have a heart attack, but it is still a major health problem, especially for women in their 60s.
Women with heart failure also have a 25 percent higher risk the development of atrial fibrillation, a condition characterized by a fast and irregular heart rhythm that can lead to blood clots in the heart.
A stroke can happen at any age, but data shows that the risk of having a stroke is higher it doubles every 10 years after the age of 55.
The biggest health concerns for women who are 70+
Hearing loss affects almost everyone over the age of 70. In Canada, 94 percent of people in their 70s they reported hearing loss, and another 31 percent had tinnitus. Hearing loss often occurs as a gradual and natural part of the aging process, but it can also be caused by long-term medical conditions such as high blood pressure, heart disease and diabetes.
A gradual loss of visual acuity may be a normal part of aging, but it’s not the only vision problem that can arise in your 70s. Cataract or clouding of the lens of the eye affects the almost half of all people in his 70s. In the next decade, that number goes up to 68 percent. If left untreated, cataracts can obstruct vision and even lead to vision loss.
Several conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, can cause memory loss in older women. Memory loss and dementia it can start graduallybut with time it can completely weaken memory and thinking abilities. Although there are some factors like age and heredity that you cannot control, experts suggest that a healthy, balanced lifestyle I can help.